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ARABICA COFFEE

The coffee plant is an evergreen shrub, classified under the genus Coffea, and part of the botanical family Rubiaceae.  There are several species of Coffea, the finest quality being Arabica, which today represents 59% of the world’s coffee production.
Arabica originated in the highlands of Ethiopia.  It is sensitive to hot and humid conditions, and grows at altitudes of 1.25-1.55 miles.  Arabica grown at higher altitudes is associated with the emergence of higher quality characteristics during roasting.

FLOWERS AND FRUIT

Since Coffea grows in tropical and equatorial regions where it is always spring or summer, it’s not a change of climate, but rather the beginning of the rainy season that triggers Arabica plants to flower, fragrant and white. Eight or nine months after flowering comes the fruit: deep red, shiny and plump like cherries, each containing two Arabica seeds, or beans.
With rain, the fruit flourishes, and a careful harvesting process begins.  Since ripe and unripe fruit can occupy the same plant, precision harvesting is critical.

COFFEE BEANS

The coffee bean is actually the seed of the coffee plant, found inside a red fruit often called the cherry. Each cherry contains two seeds (beans) surrounded by a membrane called the parchment, and a layer of sweet pulp. Arabica beans are fairly flat and elongated, with a sinuous groove.
Genetically Arabica is the only species with 44 chromosomes of Coffea. Chemically, Arabica’s caffeinecontent varies from 0.9 to 1.7% of each bean’s volume.

IN THE CUP

In the cup, a well-prepared espresso borne of exclusively high-quality Arabica is beautifully fragrant, sweet and round, with a slight and pleasant acidity, often chocolaty, with an aftertaste of caramel and just a mild hint of bitterness.
The richcreamy layer on top, or crema, should have a light reddish brown hue, unbroken and paintedwith tiger-like stripes.

PRODUCING REGIONS

Parana, Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Espirito Santo, Bahia, Pernambuco, Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Goias, and Ceará.

Brazil is the world’s leading coffee grower and exporter. Introduced in the late 18thcentury, by 1920 over 80% of the worlds coffee was from Brazil. Today, Brazil accounts for 30% of global coffee production.

Almost 300,000 farmers in 1,900 municipalities produce coffee in Brazil; the four main coffee states are Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, and Bahia, which together produce 90% of Brazilian coffee. There is a Brazilian shorthand for the type of coffee grown in each region; Group I coffee is the highest quality Arabica with no Rio cups, Group II is Rio-cupping Arabica which has an iodine taste (prized in Eastern Mediterranean countries) Group III is Conillon, or Brazilian grown Robusta.

MINAS GERAIS:

This Arabica producing state supplies around half of all Brazilian coffee and almost 70% of all Brazilian Arabica in three defined áreas:

The Sul de Minas is a traditional coffee powerhouse, where generations of small coffee farmers have cultivated the rolling hills at an altitude of 700m to 1200m. Due to rising labour costs, mechanical harvesting is now very common here, along with the rest of the Brazilian coffee area where the topography allows it. Like the rest of Minas Gerais state, the main varieties of Arabica grown here are Mundo Novo and Catuai, although several other Arabica varieties are also grown. The Sul de Minas is a major producer of Group I sun-dried coffees.

The Zona da Mata, in the east of Minas Gerais has steep topography between 550m and 1200m, which means all harvesting is done manually. Almost 50% of the coffee area here comes from small farms below 10 hectares, compared to a 30% level in the Sul de Minas. Traditionally, because of a moist harvest climate, the Zona da Mata has been the biggest supplier of Group II coffee. This region is now also focussing on high quality washed and sun dried coffees from specific microclimates for the speciality sector.

The Cerrado, flat highlands in the west of Minas Gerais, sits at an altitude of 850m to 1250m. It’s the newest area in Minas Gerais, compared to the rest of Brazil. A region of large, mechanised farms with less than 10% of coffee cultivation from farms below 10 hectares. The Cerrado has become a touchstone in terms of production and cultivation techniques. The region is recognised as an extremely reliable, high quality supplier of various fine coffees.

ESPIRITO SANTO:

Brazil’s second biggest coffee state produces almost 80% of the country’s Conillon (Robusta), mostly in the centre-north. In the south, Arabica is grown, and Espirito Santo farmers have developed some very interesting washed Arabica’s on altitudes of up to 1200m.

 

COFFEE BENEFITS

Cut the pain, increase your fibe intake, protection against cirrhosis of the liver, lowered risk of type 2 Diabestes, lowered risk of Alzheimer’s disease, reduces suicide risk and depression, protection against parkison’s, coffee drinkers have stronger DNA, lower risk of multiple sclerosis, coffee reduces colerectal cancer risk.

BRAZILIAN COFFEE BEANS

Product Description:

NCM/HS CODE

09.01.11

VARIETY

BOURBON, TYPICA, MUNDO NOVA, CATUAI,

MARAGOGYPE, CATIMOR, SUMATRA

TYPE OF COFFEE

ARABICA AND CONILLON (ROBUSTA)

ARABICA

WASHED / UNWASHED

1) STRICTLY SOFT  3) SOFT  4) SOFTSH  5) hARD 

6) RIOY  7) free from rio

8) rio flavour  9) rank rio

CONILLON (ROBUSTA)

1)EXCELENTE  2) BOA  3)REGULAR  4) ANORMAL

SCREEN

19 / 18 / 17 / 16 / 15 / 14 / 13 / 12 / 11 / 10 / 09 / 08

FLAT BACKGROUND

MATURITY

READY FOR CONSUMPTION

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN

BRAZIL

region OF ORIGIN

ESPIRITO SANTO AND MINAS GERAIS

PORT OF DEPARTURE

RIO DE JANEIRO- RJ  /  VITORIA-ES

HARVEST

ARABICA

CONILLON (ROBUSTA)

 

APRIL TO SEPTEMBER

APRIL TO SEPTEMBER

SUPPLY PERIOD

FULL YEAR

TYPE OF CONTAINER

20’GP  /  40’HC

CONTAINER LOADED WEIGHT

20’GP  19 TONS

40’HC  25 TONS

FULL CONTAINER LOADED

440 BAGS BY BOAT NOT PALLETIZED

CONTAINER 20’ LOADED

320 BAGS BY BOAT NOT PALLETIZED

PACKAGE WEIGHT 

60KG – 132,27 LBS

hUMIDITY

SPECIAL COFFEE 11,5 TO 12,00%

conillon 12,5% (abroad market)

arabica 11,00% to 12,00% (abroad market)

 

SHELF LIFE

ARABICA

CONILLON (ROBUSTA)

 

8 MONTHS

+12 MONTHS

PRODUCT ACCEPTANCE

MAXIMUM 1,00% OF STRANGE MATTERS AND

IMPURITIES

COFFEE PRODUCING AREA

2,339,630 ha

producing regions

parana, sao paulo, minas gerais, cearA,

rio de janeiro, espirito santo, goiAs,

pernambuco, bahia, mato grosso e

rondonia